written by Phil


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  • Philip B. Payne, “Vaticanus Distigme-obelos Symbols Marking Added Text, Including 1 Corinthians 14.34-5New Testament Studies 63:4 (October 2017) 604-625. © 2017 Payne Loving Trust. The full article is available for free download from








  • Philip B. Payne, “The Text-Critical Function of the Umlauts in Vaticanus, with Special Attention to 1 Corinthians 14.34-35: A Response to J. Edward Miller” Journal for the Study of the New Testament 27.1 (2004) 105-112. This article is on Wieland Willker’s Codex Vaticanus B website with the link “Payne-2004” at





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